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National Insurance landscape for 2023/24

national insurance

As far as National Insurance was concerned, the 2022/23 tax year was a tricky one featuring in-year changes to the primary threshold and in-year changes to the Class 1, 1A, 1B and 4 rates. This resulted in some strange numbers, with average rates applying for the purposes of Class 1A, Class 1B and Class 4 … Read more

Reporting Covid-19 Support Payments on your tax return

Covid-19 Support

If you are self-employed and you received Covid-19 support payments during the pandemic, you may need to report these on your self-assessment tax return. If you are an employee and you were furloughed and received furlough grants under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, these were liable to tax under PAYE and liable to National Insurance … Read more

Further grants for the self-employed

self employed grants

The Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS) has provided grant support for self-employed individuals whose business has been adversely affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. An extension to the scheme was announced at the time of the 2021 Budget. As a result, it will continue to provide support until September 2021. Three grants have already been made … Read more

National Insurance contributions for 2021/22

national insurance

The 2020/21 tax year starts on 6 April 2021. From that date, new thresholds apply for National Insurance purposes. Employees and Employers Employees pay primary Class 1 National Insurance contributions on their earnings, while secondary Class 1 contributions are payable by their employees. Employees come within the ambit of Class 1 National Insurance contributions once … Read more

Tax implications of Covid-19 support payments

Covid-19 support payments

Various Covid-19 support payments are available to individuals and businesses to help mitigate the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. Are the payments taxable and how should they be treated? Payments under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme? Grants payments made under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) for fully furloughed and flexibly furloughed employees are included … Read more

How do Class 4 National Insurance contributions work?

class 4 NIC

The self-employed pay two classes of National Insurance contributions – Class 2 and Class 4. Class 2 contributions are weekly flat-rate contributions which provide the mechanism by which the self-employed build up their entitlement to the state pension and certain contributory benefits. By contrast, Class 4 contributions are based on profits from the self-employment and … Read more