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National Insurance landscape for 2023/24

national insurance

As far as National Insurance was concerned, the 2022/23 tax year was a tricky one featuring in-year changes to the primary threshold and in-year changes to the Class 1, 1A, 1B and 4 rates. This resulted in some strange numbers, with average rates applying for the purposes of Class 1A, Class 1B and Class 4 … Read more

Claim the Employment Allowance for 2023/24

claiming employment allowance

The Employment Allowance is an allowance that eligible employers can claim to set against their secondary (employer’s) Class 1 National Insurance liability. The employment allowance is set at £5,000 for 2023/24, capped at the employer’s secondary Class 1 National Insurance for the year where this is less. It is not given automatically and must be … Read more

Pension payments – What tax relief is available?

Pension payments - tax relief

To encourage pension savings, tax relief is available on contributions made to registered pension schemes. However, there are limits on the contributions that can qualify for relief, and punishing tax charges can apply if these limits are exceeded. Limit 1 – 100% of relevant earnings Tax relief on private pension contributions is capped at 100% … Read more

The van and fuel benefit charges 2023/24: What You Need to Know

taxation of company vans

A tax charge may arise under the benefit in kind legislation where a company van is available for an employee’s private use. If fuel is also provided for private journeys, a separate fuel benefit tax charge arises. The van and fuel benefit charges for 2023/24 have now been announced. Van benefit charge The van benefit … Read more

Should I pay Class 2 NIC voluntarily?

Should I pay class 2 NIC voluntarily

Entitlement to the state pension and certain contributory benefits depends on an individual having paid, or been credited with, sufficient National Insurance contributions. To qualify for the full single-tier state pension, an individual needs 35 qualifying years. A reduced state pension is paid where a person has less than 35 qualifying years, but at least … Read more

VAT penalties – New rules for 2023

VAT penalties

The VAT default surcharge is being replaced with a new VAT penalty and interest regime. The new rules apply to VAT accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2023. Late filing penalties The new penalty regime operates on a points-based system. Each VAT return received late, including nil and repayment returns, will receive one … Read more